The Academization of Art. A Practice Approach to the Early Histories of the Accademia del Disegno and the Accademia di San Luca

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Autore: Matthijs Jonker
Anno edizione: 2022
Collana: Papers of the Royal Netherlands Institute in Rome, 67
Isbn: 978-88-5491-256-4
Materie: Storia dell'arte
Formato: 21x28
Pagine: 192

 

The Florentine Accademia del Disegno (founded in 1563) and the Roman Accademia di San Luca (founded c. 1593) were the first official art academies in Europe. In their early years these institutions performed a variety of functions, which included the organization of funerals and religious feasts, establishing and enforcing rules about the organization of workshops, teaching young painters, sculptors and architects the principles of their arts, and maintaining relationships with potential patrons. By seeing them as crossing points of religious, guild, educational and patronage practices this book presents a multifaceted and comprehensive understanding of these academies. As such it goes beyond previous interpretations, where they were reduced to one of their activities (e.g. patronage). The book also offers the first sustained comparison of the Accademia del Disegno and the Accademia di San Luca. The focus on “social practices” entails the application of insights of theories of practice to a cultural-historical research object. The development of theories of practice, especially those of Pierre Bourdieu and Theodore Schatzki, is the second objective of this study, in addition to improving the understanding of the Accademia del Disegno and the Accademia di San Luca in the early years of their existence.


Contents:

Illustrations

Acknowledgements

Introduction

From social elevation to cultural politics

The wider academic movement in Europe

A “practice” approach to the academization of art


Chapter 1

Bourdieu and Schatzki on Social Reality, Practices, and Modernity

Social reality and social practices

The organization of social practices

Social critique, power, and modernization

Bourdieu, Schatzki, and the academization of art

Interpretative framework


Chapter 2

“E tutto fu fatto con grandissimo apparecchio di cera e lumi”: the Religious-Confraternal Practices of the Art Academies

Religious-confraternal practices and the Counter Reformation

The Compagnie di San Luca in Florence and Rome and the foundation of the art academies

The confraternal practices of the Accademia del Disegno in Florence

The Accademia di San Luca in Rome and the Counter Reformation Church

The confraternal practices of the Accademia di San Luca

Conclusion


Chapter 3

“Come tutti gli altri magistrati”: the Guild Practices of the Art Academies

Art academies and the myth of the guilds

Craft guilds and the visual arts before the foundation of the art academies

Foundation, rules, and practices of the Florentine Academy as guild

Guild rules and practices in the Accademia di San Luca in Rome

Conclusion


Chapter 4

The Theory and Practice of Disegno in Artistic Treatises

Borghini and Varchi: reasoning or doing

Vasari’s apparente espressione

Danti’s ritrarre and imitare

Allori’s regole

Cellini’s principii

Zuccari’s disegno interno and disegno esterno

Conclusion


Chapter 5

“Parole e fatti”: the Educational Practices of the Art Academies

Theoretical and practical instruction in the academic curriculum

Educational practices in the Florentine Academy

Lectures in the Accademia di San Luca

Practical instruction in the Accademia di San Luca

Conclusion

 

Chapter 6

Patrons, Clients and Cultural Brokers: the Patronage Practices of the Art Academies

Patrons, clients and cultural brokers

The Florentine Accademia del Disegno as client

The Roman Accademia di San Luca as client

The Accademia di San Luca as cultural broker

Conclusion

 

Conclusion

Bibliography

Index